Friday, June 28, 2013

Drugs Banned In India

The health ministry has suspended the sale of two drugs - painkiller Analgin and anti-diabetes drug Pioglitazone and all its combinations .

While the ban on Analgin in India has come after almost 36 years after the drug was banned in the US (which banned it in 1977), Pioglitazone was pulled out of France in 2011 for an increased risk of bladder cancer.

 This decision comes in the wake of a strong stand by the government on suspending marketing of all drugs prohibited for sale in other countries like the US, the UK, EU and Australia.

The ministry of health and family welfare has suspended the manufacture and sale of all three drugs under Section 26A of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 with immediate effect, through a notification issued on June 18, informed sources told TOI. While the ministry has been dilly-dallying on withdrawing analgin and deanxit for years now, despite pressure from a parliamentary panel, the decision on the diabetes drug pioglitazone has taken the industry completely by surprise.

The decision to ban pioglitazone and its combinations will hit the Rs 700-crore market for such drugs and adversely impact a clutch of companies including Abbott, Sun Pharma, USV, Lupin, Ranbaxy and Wockhardt.

Drugs Banned In India

LIST OF DRUGS PROHIBITED FOR MANUFACTURE AND SALE THROUGH GAZETTE NOTIFICATIONS UNDER SECTION 26A OF DRUGS & COSMETICS ACT 1940 BY THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE

DRUGS PROHIBITED FROM THE DATE OF NOTIFICATION

1. Amidopyrine.

 2. Fixed dose combinations of vitamins with anti-inflammatory agents and tranquilizers.

 3. Fixed dose combinations of Atropine in Analgesics and Antipyretics.

 4. Fixed dose combinations of Strychnine and Caffeine in tonics.

 5.Fixed dose combinations of Yohimbine and Strychnine with Testosterone and  Vitamins.

 6. Fixed dose combinations of Iron with Strychnine, Arsenic and Yohimbine.

7. Fixed dose combinations of Sodium Bromide/chloral hydrate with other drugs.

8. Phenacetin.

9. Fixed dose combinations of antihistaminic with anti-diarrhoeals.

          10. Fixed dose combinations of Penicillin with Sulphonamides.

11. Fixed dose combinations of Vitamins with Analgesics.

    B     12.Fixed dose combinations of  any other Tetracycline with Vitamin C. 

    E     13.Fixed dose combinations of Hydroxyquinoline group of drugs with any other drug   except for preparations meant for external use.

  ccc    14. Fixed dose combinations of Corticosteroids with any other drug for internal use.

  ccc    15. Fixed dose combinations of Chloramphenicol with any other drug for internal use.

16.Fixed dose combinations of crude Ergot preparations except those containing Ergotamine, Caffeine, analgesics, antihistamines for the treatment of migraine, headaches.

17.Fixed dose combinations of Vitamins with Anti TB drugs except combination of Isoniazid with Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6).

18. Penicillin skin/eye Ointment.

19. Tetracycline Liquid Oral preparations.

20. Nialamide.

21. Practolol.

    22. Methapyrilene, its salts.

  
c    23. Methaqualone.

&   24. Oxytetracycline Liquid Oral preparations.

&   25. Demeclocycline Liquid Oral preparations.

T    26. Combination of anabolic Steroids with other drugs.

cc  27.Fixed dose combination of Oestrogen and Progestin (other than oral contraceptive) containing per tablet estrogen content of more than 50 mcg (equivalent to Ethinyl Estradiol) and progestin content of more than 3 mg (equivalent to Norethisterone Acetate) and all fixed dose combination injectable preparations containing synthetic Oestrogen and Progesterone. (Subs. By Noti. No. 743 (E) dt 10-08-1989)

    28.Fixed dose combination of Sedatives/ hypnotics/anxiolytics with   analgesics-antipyretics.

J    29.Fixed dose combination of Rifampicin, isoniazid and Pyrazinamide, except those which provide daily adult dose given below:

Drugs                             Minimum                 Maximum

Rifampicin                      450 mg                   600 mg

Isoniazid                              300 mg                       400 mg

Pyrazinamide                  1000mg                  1500 mg

   30. Fixed dose combination of Histamine H-2 receptor antagonists with antacids except for those combinations approved by Drugs Controller, India.

   31.The patent and proprietary medicines of fixed dose combinations of essential oils with alcohol having percentage higher than 20% proof except preparations given in the Indian Pharmacopoeia.

   32. All Pharmaceutical preparations containing Chloroform exceeding 0.5% w/w or v/v
   whichever is appropriate.

 33.Fixed dose combination of Ethambutol with INH other than the following: INH
  Ethambutol 200 mg. 600 mg. 300 mg. 800 mg.

      34. Fixed dose combination containing more than one antihistamine.

   B35.Fixed dose combination of any anthelmintic with cathartic/purgative except for
          piperazine/Santonim.

   J 36. Fixed dose combination of Salbutamol or any other drug having primarily bronchodilatory activity with centrally acting anti-tussive and/or antihistamine.

      37.Fixed dose combination of laxatives and/or anti-spasmodic drugs in enzyme preparations.

  G 38.Fixed dose combination of Metoclopramide with systemically absorbed drugs except fixed dose combination of metoclopramide with aspirin/paracetamol

     39.Fixed dose combination of centrally acting, antitussive with antihistamine, having high atropine like activity in expectorants.

     40.Preparations claiming to combat cough associated with asthma containing centrally acting antitussive and/ or an antihistamine.

     41.Liquid oral tonic preparations containing glycerophosphates and/or other phosphates and / or central nervous system stimulant and such preparations containing alcohol more than 20% proof.

     42.Fixed dose combination containing Pectin and/or Kaolin with any drug which is systemically absorbed from GI tract except for combinations of Pectin and/or Kaolin with drugs not systemically absorbed.

   43. Chloral Hydrate as a drug.

    b   44. Dovers Powder I.P.

    b   45. Dover’s Powder Tablets I.P.

    A   46.Antidiarrhoeal formulations containing Kaolin or Pectin or Attapulgite or Activated Charcoal.

    A  47.Antidiarrhoeal formulations containing Phthalyl Sulphathiazole or Sulphaguanidine or Succinyl Sulphathiazole.

    A  48.Antidiarrhoeal formulations containing Neomycin or Streptomycin or Dihydrostreptomycin  including their respective salts or esters.

    A  49.Liquid Oral antidiarrhoeals or any other dosage form for pediatric use containing Diphenoxylate Lorloperamide or Atropine or Belladona including their salts or esters or metabolites Hyoscyamine or their extracts or their alkaloids.

    A  50.Liquid Oral antidiarrhoeals or any other dosage form for pediatric use containing halogenated hydroxyquinolines.

    A  51. Fixed dose combination of antidiarrhoeals with electrolytes.

    C  52. Patent and Proprietary Oral Rehydration Salts other than those conforming to the 

    D  53. Fixed dose combination of Oxyphenbutazone or Phenylbutazone with any other drug.

   H.D54. Fixed dose combination of Analgin with any other drug.

     D 55. Fixed dose combination of dextropropoxyphene with any other drug other than anti-spasmodics and/or non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

     D 56. Fixed dose combination of a drug, standards of which are prescribed in the Second Schedule to the said Act with an Ayurvedic, Siddha or Unani drug.

     F 57. Mepacrine Hydrochloride (Quinacrine and its salts) in any dosage form for use for female sterilization or contraception.

     F  58. Fenfluramine and Dexfenfluramine.

     I  59. Fixed dose combination of Diazepam and Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride .

    K  60. Rimonabant.

     L 61 Rosiglitazone

     M 62 Nimesulide formulations for human use in children below 12 years of age.

    M 63. Cisapride and its formulations for human use.

    M 64. Phenylpropanolamine and its formulation for human use.

   M 65. Human Placental Extract and its formulations for human use.

   M 66. Sibutramine and its formulations for human use, and

   M 67. R-Sibutramine and its formulations for human use.

    N 68. Gatifloxacin formulation for systemic use in human by any route including oral and injectable

    N 69. Tegaserod and its formulation for human use.
LIST OF GAZETTE NOTIFICATION PUBLISHED

    The Principal Notification GSR 578 (E) dt.23.7.83.

c    Added b GSR 4(E) dated 31.01.1984

&   Added b GSR 322(E) dated 03.05.1984\

T    Amended by GSR 863(E) dated 22.11.1985

cc   Amended by GSR 743(E) dated 10.08.1989

ccc Amended by GSR 1057(E) dated 03.11.1988

    Added by GSR 999(E) dated 26.12.1990

            Added by GSR 69(E) dated 11.02.1991

       xxx    Added by GSR 304(E) dated 7.06.1990

     @   Added by GSR 444(E) dated 7.06.1992

      b   Added by GSR 111(E) dated 22.02.1994

      A   Added by GSR 731(E) dated 30.09.1994

      B   Added by GSR 848(E) dated 7.12.1994

      C   Added by GSR 57(E) dated 7.02.1995

      D   Added by GSR 633(E) dated 13.09.1995

      E   Added by GSR 793(E) dated 13.03.1995

           Added by GSR 93(E) dated 25.05.1997

      F   Added by GSR 499(E) dated 14.08.1998

      G   Added by GSR 394(E) dated 19.05.1999

      H   Added by GSR 405(E) dated 3.06.1999

      I    Added by GSR 169(E) dated 12.03.2001

      J   Added by GSR 290(E) dated 16.04.2008

       K   Added by GSR 885(E) dated 11.12.2009

        L. Added by GSR 910(E) dated 12.11.2010

    M.  Added by GSR 82(E) dated 10.03.2011

    N.  Added by GSR 218(E) dated 16.03.2011

LIST OF DRUGS PROHIBITED FOR IMPORT

           1. Nialamide

        2. Practolol

        3. Amidopyrine

        4. Phenacetin

        5. Methapyrilene and its salts

   a   6. Methaqualone

   b   7. Chloral Hydrate as a drug

   c   8. Mepacrine Hydrochloride ( Quinacrine and its Salts) in any dosage form for use for female sterilization or contraception.

        9. Fenfluramine and Dexfenfluramine]

   d   10. Rimonabant

LIST OF GAZETTE NOTIFICATION PUBLISHED

    a  Added by GSR 48(E) dated 31.1.1984

    b  Added by GSR 303(E) dated 7.6.1991

    c  Added by GSR 498(E) dated 14.8.1998

    d Added by GSR 884(E) dated 11.12.2009

Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Importance of Good Dental Hygiene

Good dental hygiene is very important to our health. It eliminates or reduces bacteria in the mouth that can lead to inflammation that can lead to heart disease and other complications. Luckily you can banish these bad boys by keeping your teeth clean.

Unhealthy bacteria converts sugars from food into lactic acid which creates a sticky layer of plaque on the teeth, destroying tooth enamel and leading to cavities.  For prevention, look for toothpaste that contains cranberry extract and green tea which will keep bacteria from sticking to the teeth. And licorice root and meem to chase away plaque.  And most important diet, limit sticky sugary foods, candies and processed flour foods. Snack on crunchy foods like apples and carrots. They help sweep away food debris, and their high water content and saliva they promote dilutes bacteria.


Bacteria under gums cause inflamed tissue that is prone to bleeding. Floss and picks help dislodge bacteria. B vitamins encourage red blood cell development which is critical for good gum health. Be sure to get plenty of Omega 3 in the diet or take supplements. Eat lots of colorful fruits and vegetables high in vitamins A,C and E, dark leafy greens, tomatoes, carrots, beets, citrus fruits and eggs should do the trick.
Your teeth usually darken as you age, also drinking coffee and tea doesn’t help. You can try whitening toothpastes, whitening pens, mouthwashes, or strips containing hydrogen peroxide, which breaks down in water. They are safe for home use if concentration is no more than 3 percent. Dentists use stronger concentrations. You can also use whitening products like silica, baking powder and bamboo powder.


Bad breath is another factor of bad dental hygiene.  Although, it can be the result of nasal drip, low saliva, acid reflux, or dry mouth. Each creates a low saliva or high acid environment, which causes bacteria to accumulate in sticky, odor causing plaque. Some foods are well known for creating bad breath, such as onions, garlic which produce sulphur compounds responsible for the rotten egg syndrome. Protein rich foods such as cheese, milk and fish create a breeding ground for bacteria,as do acidic drinks like coffee and orange juice.
Eating foods that kill bacteria and keep it from sticking to teeth is an good antidote for bad breath. Green tea, cranberry, and other antioxidants will prevent bad breath. When gums recede from improper brushing or aging, cold and hot foods can cause discomfort. Ease the pain  with products that contain potassium nitrate, or herbs like chamomile, clove oil and myrrh. They have a history of helping pain, inflammation and healing tissue wounds.

Medicinal Properties of Lovage

Lovage has been used to treat indigestion, arthritis, Bronchitis, painful menstruation and flatulence. It can also be used as a diuretic.
Lovage is a tall perennial plant that is a strong aromatic spice.  It has long been used in cooking, but the seeds, leaves and roots have many medicinal properties and it’s very high in vitamin C.


Lovage has been used to treat indigestion, loss of appetite, stomach and gallbladder insufficiency, feeling of fullness after meals, slow digestion, Rheumatism, arthritis, Bronchitis, gout, cough, problems with urination, kidneys and prostate, sore throats, colic, kidney stones, cystitis, painful menstruation and flatulence.  It has also been used to purify blood, as a diuretic and as a deodorant if added to the bath water.

INTERESTIG FACTS AND HISTORICAL REFERENCES
The Greeks referred to Lovage as Ligustikon.
Lovage was mentioned by the Emperor Charlemagne.  He said that it should be grown in every imperial garden.
Lovage has been used since Greek and Roman times as a seasoning in food, additive to medicines and as an ingredient in love potions.


According to CooksInfo.com Lovage was dug up at night on Good Friday in order to help ward off either witches or the influence of the Devil.
Lovage has been used for medicinal purposes as early as the 14th Century. It is also known as Ligusticum Levisticum, Old English Lovage, Cornish Lovage, Italian Lovage, Love Persley and Sea Persley.  Lovage should not be taken if pregnant or have kidney disease.

Monday, June 3, 2013

Health Benefits of Honey

Honey has the ability to boost the immune system, aid in weight loss, reduce the risk of heart disease, relieve indigestion, improve energy levels, relieve sore throats and coughs, clear up acne, slow aging and relieve morning sickness.

Honey is best known as a sweet food that is made by bees using the nectar of flowers, but it has long been used for its abundance of health benefits.  It has been recorded in history as the most used medicine in ancient Egypt. 


Honey has the ability to boost the immune system, aid in weight loss, reduce the risk of heart disease, relieve indigestion, improve energy levels, relieve sore throats and coughs, clear up acne, slow aging and relieve morning sickness.

Honey is best known as a sweet food that is made by bees using the nectar of flowers, but it has long been used for its abundance of health benefits.  It has been recorded in history as the most used medicine in ancient Egypt. 

HISTORICAL REFERENCES AND INTERESTING FACTS
Bees swallow, digest and regurgitate nectar to make honey.
The honey bee first appeared about 130 million years ago.
Honey bees evolved from short-tongued, spheciform wasps.
According to Gousiaris.gr, In 2700 BC, the first records of the pharmaceutical and nutritional value of honey were found in Mesopotamia, the birthplace of the first organized communities.
The Romans used honey to heal their wounds after battles.
Honey has been used in Ayurvedic medicine in India for at least 4000 years.
Darker honey usually has higher antioxidant levels.  The only health benefits of honey that have been scientifically proven are for wound care and cough suppression, but many continue to stand behind this ancient remedy for almost every illness and ailment there is.

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Fish Oil Supplements Good for Type 2 Diabetes

Widely-used fish oil supplements modestly increase amounts of a hormone that is associated with lower risk of diabetes and heart disease, according to a study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM).

Fish oil supplements, also called omega 3 fatty acid capsules, raise levels of adiponectin in the bloodstream. Adiponectin is an important hormone that has beneficial effects on metabolic processes like glucose regulation and the modulation of inflammation. In long-term human studies, higher levels of adiponectin are associated with lower risks of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.

"While prior animal studies found fish oil increased circulating adiponectin, whether similar effects apply in humans is not established," said the study's lead author, Jason Wu, PhD, of the Harvard School of Public Health. "By reviewing evidence from existing randomized clinical trials, we found that fish oil supplementation caused modest increases in adiponectin in the blood of humans."

The meta-analysis reviewed and analyzed results from 14 randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials. In total, 682 subjects were treated with fish oil, and 641 were given placebos -- most commonly olive and sunflower oils. In those taking fish oil, adiponectin levels increased by 0.37 ug/mL. The results also suggested the effect of fish oil on adiponectin differed substantially across the trials, suggesting that fish oil supplementation may have stronger influence on adiponectin in some populations and weaker effects in others.

This is the first study to pool data from previous trials to suggest that fish oil consumption increases adiponectin in humans. The findings quantify the potential impact of fish oil on adiponectin level, and highlight the need to further investigate populations that may particularly benefit from fish oil supplementation.

"Although higher levels of adiponectin in the bloodstream have been linked to lower risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease, whether fish oil influences glucose metabolism and development of type 2 diabetes remains unclear," said Wu. "However, results from our study suggest that higher intake of fish oil may moderately increase blood level of adiponectin, and these results support potential benefits of fish oil consumption on glucose control and fat cell metabolism."

Despite the uncertainty about the effectiveness of fish oil on cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, about 37 percent of adults and 31 percent of children nationwide use omega-3 supplements, according to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey from the National Institutes of Health's National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM).

Other researchers working on the study include: L. Cahill and D. Mozaffarian of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, MA. The National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute provided grants to support this work. 

Monday, May 27, 2013

Home remedies to tackle indigestion

Your stomach is the most dependable and agreeable organ, if you treat it right. A healthy stomach is an exceptionally tough organ. Rarely will it give serious trouble if you are leading a happy, peaceful life. But it can give a hard time, if you are emotionally upset and tense. A balanced digestive system can boost your immunity and help stave off disease. Does your stomach feel heavy? Do you burp frequently, or suffer from acidity and heartburn? Most of us know that these symptoms are related to indigestion but before we swallow a pill, we may try any of the following remedies.
Lime and ginger : These simple ingredients are easily available in everyone’s kitchen. All you need is two spoons of lime and ginger juice, and honey mixed in a glass of warm water. This can be taken after a heavy meal.
Oranges : Try eating an orange after every meal and it will keep indigestion at bay. Experts opine that eating oranges gives rest to the digestive organs and supplies adequate nutrition.
Grapes : Experts claim that there is a connection between grapes and a healthy stomach. This juicy fruit is known to eliminate indigestion and tummy irritation.
Lemon : If looking for prevention, then it is best to drink hot lemon water —- one teaspoon of lemon juice in a cup of hot water—- before your meal. It is known to prevent acid indigestion. Lemon juice also helps by fighting bacteria.
Garlic and soya : Whenever you suffer from stomach pain, mix equal amounts of garlic and soya oil and massage over your stomach. Allow the oil to be absorbed by the skin. It also gives instant relief from indigestion.
Soda : Take one spoonful of baking soda mix it in a glass of water and gulp it. It will give you instant relief from stomach pain and reduce indigestion.
Coriander cure : Mix some cumin seeds and coriander leaf juice with a glass of water and add a pinch of salt. Drink to get rid of pain in the stomach. One can also try mixing two teaspoons of coriander, one teaspoon of ginger, three cloves of cardamom, in a glass of water to relieve gas trouble.
Wonders of water and ice :Doctors in the US, recommend placing an ice bag on your stomach for atleast half an hour after meals to ease the pain. Or you could even try taking a cold bath or alternative hot and cold hip baths at night for a stress-free stomach. Drinking a glass or two of water before a meal can help you practice portion control. This is a great tip to avoid overeating that may lead to obesity.
Digestive drinks : Drinking buttermilk after every meal is an effective way to prevent indigestion, as it speeds up the digestive process. Mint tea and blackberry tea are two other concoctions that can be taken to cope with stomach problems.
Carom seeds (Ajwain) Mixed with a little rock salt is yet another cure for stomach troubles.
Peppermint oil : The essential oil of the peppermint plant has anti-spasmodic properties which help relax the digestive system’s muscles, that ultimately can prevent the onset of bloating and gas.
Triphala : This classic Ayurvedic remedy helps with digestion, absorption and elimination.It’s also a prebiotic, which helps the good flora in the body to flourish, protect the intestines against inflammation due to toxin damage.
Vinegar : For thousands of years, ancient healers trusted apple cider vinegar as a wonder cure. From Bible to Cleopatra to the fierce Samurai warriors of Japan, vinegar has been documented as a powerful tonic to ensure strength, power and long life. There are recipesthat mix vinegar with other common household items to help calm an upset stomach and aid digestion.
Wine therapy : The Apostle Paul once advised Timothy : ” Use a little wine for sake of your stomach and your frequent cases of sickness.”
Emotions : Fear, wrath, anger, anxiety or constant tension and stress, can disturb your digestive system. Practicing of qualities such as love, compassion, kindness, lowliness of mind and mildness, can eventually produce healing in the human body. Rejoice in the lord.

By Dr Tej K Munshi

Vegetable juices better than whole veggies

One is always confused about eating vegetables raw or in the form of a juice. And rightly so, juicing vegetables is a much harder task than juicing vegetables.

For one, we need to add a lot more flavor to vegetable juices to make them drinkable. But even if you are inclined toward drinking a tasteless vegetable juice for health reasons, how effective will it be? Well, we all have doubts, so let's figure out which one is better: Vegetable juice or whole vegetables.

Most health guidelines recommend that one must consume two to three cups of vegetables every day. This requirement may go up or down, based on your activity level and physical characteristics. Vegetable juices are seen as an easy way out of the monotonous vegetable cooking and chewing process through the day. A juice entails juicing a vegetable, therefore removing pulp and roughage.

Both eating your vegetables and juicing your vegetables will give you essential nutrients needed by the body to help fight disease. But juicing will give you more of those nutrients than just eating your vegetables. Intrigued? Here's why...

Digestion
Now solid food takes several hours to break down, decompose and provide nutrition, in case of juices, it's much easier and quick.

No fiber
Now juicing primarily gets rid of the fiber in the vegetable that is drained out and what you drink gets easily absorbed in the body. They get assimilated very easily with minimal effort, and the nourishment is available almost instantly to the whole array of cells in the body. The exertion on the part of the digestive system is also very fast.

But should you quit whole vegetables completely?
No! You can still munch on carrots and other vegetable side dishes during meals. Your body does need dietary fiber, which might not carry nutritional value but acts as a cleaner for the digestive tract and intestines.

A cup of unprocessed carrots contains roughly 7 grams of fiber. On the other hand, a cup of carrot juice is almost totally devoid of fiber.

Therefore, get that fiber from your meals, but make up for any vegetable shortfalls and extra requirements in the day with vegetable juices.

Nutritional vs bodily enzymes
Our body possesses countless cells and tissues that have their own enzymes requirements and production to perform a whole range of tasks. The ones that are made available from eating raw vegetables or juices work in conjunction with the already present ones. So one need not cut off raw vegetables completely. Striking the right balance is essential.

Tuesday, October 9, 2012

Depression Need to know it

World Mental Health Day observed on the 10th of October every year, provides a unified effort globally to promote greater public awareness and understanding of mental health and mental illness. This year 'World Federation for Mental Health' observes mental health day with the cause to make people more aware of 'Depression: a global crisis'.

World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that depressive disorders ranked as third leading cause of the global burden of disease in 2004 and will move into the first place by 2030. Another alarming fact about depression is that it carries high risk of suicide. WHO reports a status of about 1 million suicides every year. The first national study of deaths in India, published in the British Medical Journal, The Lancet, reports that suicide has become the second-leading cause of death among the youth in India. Unawareness often tends people to ignore the illness and which is a major reason that depression go unreported and untreated.

Depression can affect anyone, young or old. At the outset it is important to know the basic difference between sadness and depression. Everyone has ups and downs in life. Sadness is a part of human life, a natural reaction to painful circumstances. But if a person frequently pass through a down state of mind without any specific reason lingering for weeks, months or sometimes years and seriously disturbs the daily activities of the person with loss of appetite, sleep, low interest in work and negative thinking, then depression may be the likely diagnosis. Depression can be triggered by any major life event as well, such as the death of a loved one, separation from loved ones, divorce, or a health problem. It can also be caused by an underlying medical disorder, interactions between various drugs or may co-exist with other illnesses. Level of depression may vary from mild to severe. Many depressed people describe their condition as "living in a fog." Regular drinking of alcohol, even in moderate amounts, can cause or worsen depression as well. An estimated 80 percent of depressed individuals can be treated, with most feeling better within weeks.

Women experience depression about twice as often as men. Many hormonal factors may contribute to the increased rate of depression in women-particularly such factors as menstrual cycle changes, pregnancy, miscarriage, pre-menopause, and menopause. Many women also face additional stresses such as responsibilities both at work and home, single parenthood, caring for children and for aging parents. Many women are also particularly at risk of depression after the birth of a baby (clinically known as postpartum depression), transient low feeling "blues" are common in new mothers. The hormonal and physical changes, as well as the added responsibility of a new life, become factor for depression in some women.

Although men are less likely to suffer from depression than women, it is also sometimes true that men are less likely to admit depression, and less willing to treat it. However the rate of suicide in men is four times than that of women, although more women attempt it. Depression affect the physical health in men differently from women. Studies shows that depression is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in both men and women, but men suffer a higher death rate.
Men's depression is often covered up by alcohol or drugs, or by the socially acceptable ways like working excessively long hours at office, etc. They usually express symptom by showing irritability and anger, rather than expressing feeling of hopelessness and helplessness, hence, depression may be difficult to recognize as such in men.

Only in the past two decades has depression in children been taken very seriously. The depressed child may pretend to be sick, refuse to go to school, cling to a parent, or worry that the parent may die. Older children may sulk, get into trouble at school, be negative, and feel misunderstood. Oftener teachers may fail to identify it. Sometimes the parents become worried about how the child's behavior has changed. The presentation of symptoms of depression is very different in children than adults and requires a keen clinical intervention. Teenage depression is also a common occurrence. It is a serious problem that impacts every aspect of a teen's life. Teen depression can lead to problems at home and school, drug abuse, even violence or suicide. Teenagers face a host of pressures, from the changes of puberty to questions about their self image, identity and where they fit in among others. The natural transition from child to adult can also bring parental conflict as teens start to assert their independence. It is not always easy to differentiate between depression and normal teenage moodiness. Making things even more complicated, teens with depression do not necessarily appear sad, nor do they always withdraw from others. For some depressed teens, symptoms of irritability, aggression, and rage are more prominent.

Depression in the elderly is also an area that goes undiagnosed and untreated. When an elderly person visit clinician, the symptoms described are usually physical, and many times they are reluctant to discuss feelings of hopelessness, sadness, loss of interest in normally pleasurable activities, or share grief after a loss. At times they even feel their low mood may be side effects of medication they are taking for a physical problem. If a diagnosis of depression is made, treatment with medication and/or psychotherapy will help the depressed person return to a happier, more fulfilling life.

There is a range of different treatments available for depression, including counselling and medications. The right treatment depends on the individual needs and the situation in which they belong to. It is important to stay on until the right treatment is found. Encouragement and support from concerned family members can make a difference. In the workplace, employee assistance can also be helping to understand and accept depression and return to a happier, more fulfilling life.
Things to remember

* Recognize depression timely.
* Stresses that sound small to others may be very important to the person at risk and be taken seriously.
* If a person you know won't go for help himself or herself due to unwillingness or ignorance, go by yourself first to get advice on how to best handle the situation.

Wednesday, September 19, 2012

Give Your Skin a Healthy Glow with Bb Creams

High end creams are expensive and sometimes lower priced products will give you the same, or near the same benefits. It can be informative and helpful to hear what beauty experts have to say about these products before rushing out to buy. The BB cream products are said to be better than anything else out there for a natural glowing complexion. They come in higher end and lower end prices.

Beauty editor, Stacy Edwards of Create Your Beauty magazine, is keen on Healthy Glow BB creams. As she says, We ladies don’t appreciate sticky creams in the heat of summer. We like a nice smooth healthy glow from a product like Smash box BB cream. It was first created to protect the skin after laser treatment or surgery. It’s loaded with antioxidants and moisturizers which smooths the skin and acts as an anti inflammatory. Actresses rely on it to give the face a smooth porcelain look. It’s a moisturizer, primer, sunblock and foundation all in one jar.


We may not be actresses but we still want to look good. Within the past few years BB creams have been best sellers. You can find them in L’Oreal and Cover Girl to high end brands. There are more than a dozen BB creams to choose from. Not all BB creams are for everyone, so take heed. Some offer oil control and others different benefits. I’ll name a few for you and their benefits.

1. The Origins BB cream leaves tired, dull skin looking healthier and younger. The wear time is up to eight hours. It’s made for those with a combination of oily and dry skin. It’s a sunblock and is available in six shades. It’s lightweight and sheer, and gives the face a glow with or without makeup. Origins BB cream is great for women who want a natural flawless complexion. It’s perfect for the older woman for it’s anti aging benefits. Cost about $35.

2.Cover Girl BB cream is lightweight and instantly enhances the skin with 10 skin friendly benefits. It’s a great bargain for your pocket book. Although it isn’t as sheer as other BB products and has the consistency of a repackaged version of Cover Girls tinted moisturizers, so you might want to stay away from it for the most beautiful look. It’s about $7. at Target.

3. L’Oreal Paris BB cream is made to hydrate and correct skin flaws. It contains vitamins C and E and doesn’t clog your pores. When you first squeeze the tube it looks a little gray white, but when applied to the face it quickly blends in to match skin tone. You will see a nice glow to the complexion. It’s very sheer and gives a natural look. L’Oreal BB cream is a cut above the lower end products. It gives the benefits of the higher end BB creams and is easier on the pocket book at about $10.99

4. Smash box BB cream does it all, from prime your skin to control oil. It can be worn under foundation and with or without makeup. It isn’t as sheer as some of the other BB creams but it goes on smoothly and it does give complete coverage and doesn’t require concealer. It gives a flawless finish and stays on the face all day, keeping blush looking as good as it did in the morning. It’s pricey at $39., but worth it for a fresh look all day.

Wednesday, September 5, 2012

Health Benefits of Cold Water Bath

Everybody wants to take a warm shower either in the morning or afternoon for the simple reason that they cannot stand the cold. Don’t you know that bathing with cold water gives you the feeling of freshness and a lot of health benefits?

Bathing with cold water freshen your mind in the morning or after a day’s hard work in the warm city. Besides that, cold water can increase metabolism, prevent post-exercise injury and regulate levels of uric acid in your body. There are still other health benefits of having a cold shower.

Cold water improves men’s fertility. If you wish to have a child soon, make sure you always take a cold bath. You need to know that warm water decreases the population of sperm.

Blood circulation is increased to get rid of toxin. By the time cold water touches the skin, it reduces blood circulation but at the same time body mechanism increases blood pressure causing the blood to circulate with extra force.

By the time you get cold, your body metabolism works faster causing fat and carbohydrate to be burned to make you warm.

Bathing with cold water increases metabolism, which will in turn increase body heat. Therefore, cold water bath freshen immune system and release white blood cell.

Taking a cold shower is suggested after you finish a strenuous physical exercise in order that you will get increased muscle mass. Muscle fiber usually gets widened and contracted. Cold shower will prevent you from an injury.


Taking a cold shower can help relieve chronic pain relief, promote healthy hair, strengthen kidney function, reduce swell and skin edema, and cure autonomic nervous system.

Friday, August 31, 2012

ABC of Breastfeeding

From the primary moment the babe is applied to the breast, it should be suckled upon a precise arrange. this is often necessary to the well-doing of the kid, and can contribute basically to preserve the health of the parent, United Nations agency can therefore be rendered an honest nurse, and her duty at identical time can become a pleasure.

ABC OF BREASTFEEDING.
From the primary moment the babe is applied to the breast, it should be suckled upon a precise arrange. this is often necessary to the well-doing of the kid, and can contribute basically to preserve the health of the parent, United Nations agency can therefore be rendered an honest nurse, and her duty at identical time can become a pleasure.


This implies, however, a careful attention on the a part of the mother to her own health; for that of her kid is basically dependent upon it. Healthy, nourishing, and edible can be procured solely from a healthy parent; and it’s against sense to expect that, if a mother impairs her health and digestion by improper diet, neglect of exercise, and impure air, she can, however, offer as wholesome and uncontaminated a fluid for her kid, as if she were diligently alert to these small print. each instance of indisposition within the nurse is at risk of have an effect on the babe.

And this leads Maine to watch, that it’s a standard mistake to suppose that, as a result of a lady is nursing, she ought thus to measure terribly absolutely, Associate in Nursingd to feature an allowance of wine, porter, or alternative hard liquor, to her usual diet. the sole results of this arrange is, to cause Associate in Nursing unnatural degree of fulness within the system, that places the nurse on the brink of illness, and that of itself oftentimes puts a stop to the secretion of the milk, rather than increasing it. the correct arrange of continuing is apparent enough; solely let attention be paid to the standard laws of health, and therefore the mother, if she have a sound constitution, can build a more robust nurse than by any foolish deviation based on cognitive content and whim.

The following case proves the correctness of this statement: 
A woman, confined along with her initial kid, left the labor space at the expiration of the third week, an honest nurse, and in good health. She had had some slight bother along with her nipples, however this was before long overcome.

The porter system was currently commenced, and from a pint to a pint and a half this drink was taken within the four and twenty hours. This was resorted to, not as a result of there was any deficiency within the offer of milk, for it absolutely was ample, and therefore the babe thriving upon it; however as a result of, having become a nurse, she was told that it absolutely was usual and necessary, which while not it her milk and strength would ere long fail.